Organelle

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Organelle Plant/Animal or both Location in the cell Units per cell Size Membrane Components Function Associated illness Year of discovery
Nucleus
Ribosomes
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
Golgi aparatus 20 nm –200 nm[1] Dyschromatosis universalis hereditaria, Cutis laxa, Menkes disease, occipital horn syndrome, Wilson disease, Congenital disorders of glycosylation, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, Aarskog-Scott syndrome/faciogenital dysplasia, “North Sea” progressive myoclonus epilepsy, Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease, Parkinson’s disease, Dyggve-Melchior-Clausen disease, Smith-McCort Dysplasia, X-linked mental retardation associated with autism, epilepsy and macrocephaly, Macrocephaly, alopecia, cutis laxa and scoliosis (MACS) syndrome, RIN2 syndrome, Gerodermia osteodysplastica, Proximal spinal muscular atrophy, Congenital disorder of glycosylation type II (CGD-II), Angelman syndrome[2] 1898 (by Italian Camillo Golgi)[3][4]
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Lysosomes
Peroxisomes
Vacuoles
Mitochondria
Chloroplasts
Cytoskeleton
Plasma membrane
Cell wall

Source pages

For organelle associated diseases [5]